Wilson Obinna Okeze, Joy Uzoaru Ekekwe, Cyril Onwuliriuba Uwaoma


The study investigated the influence of leadership styles of principals on academic performance of students in public secondary schools in Abia- state. Expo-facto design was used for the study. The area of the study is Abia-state. Two hypotheses guided the study. A sample size of 609 respondents comprising 374 teachers and 235 principals in secondary schools in Abia-state were drawn through the use of proportionate stratified random sampling technique from a target population of 3,970. The instrument for data collection was a 4-point rating scale questionnaire with face and content validity ascertained by three experts from; Measurement and Evaluation, Educational Management in the College of Education Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. Reliability index values of 0.64 and 0.75 respectively for the two clusters as a measure of internal consistency was obtained through Cronbach Alpha method. The 609 copies of questionnaires were administered with the help of three research assistants through direct delivery and recovery method. All the 609 copies of the instrument were returned and used for data analysis. Research questions were answered using mean scores, while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the findings revealed that autocratic leadership styles to a high extent influence academic performance of students in public secondary schools in Abia state. The findings also revealed that contingency leadership styles to a low extent influence academic performance of students in public secondary schools in Abia-state.  Based on the findings, recommendations were made; that State Ministry of Education should organize regular inspection to schools to monitor the styles of leadership used by principals that could enhance better academic performance among students. This is necessary in order to achieve the objective of secondary education as entrenched in the National Policy on Education. The study noted that the Principals leadership styles have significant influence on academic performance of students, and therefore recommends that the principals should apply the adequate leadership styles to ensure positive influence on academic performance of students in the schools and among others


Principals Leadership Styles, Autocratic, Contingency Styles and Academic Performance

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