INFLUENCE OF LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Wilson Obinna Okeze, Joy Uzoaru Ekekwe, Cyril Onwuliriuba Uwaoma

Abstract


The study investigated the influence of leadership styles of principals on academic performance of students in public secondary schools in Abia- state. Expo-facto design was used for the study. The area of the study is Abia-state. Two hypotheses guided the study. A sample size of 609 respondents comprising 374 teachers and 235 principals in secondary schools in Abia-state were drawn through the use of proportionate stratified random sampling technique from a target population of 3,970. The instrument for data collection was a 4-point rating scale questionnaire with face and content validity ascertained by three experts from; Measurement and Evaluation, Educational Management in the College of Education Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. Reliability index values of 0.64 and 0.75 respectively for the two clusters as a measure of internal consistency was obtained through Cronbach Alpha method. The 609 copies of questionnaires were administered with the help of three research assistants through direct delivery and recovery method. All the 609 copies of the instrument were returned and used for data analysis. Research questions were answered using mean scores, while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the findings revealed that autocratic leadership styles to a high extent influence academic performance of students in public secondary schools in Abia state. The findings also revealed that contingency leadership styles to a low extent influence academic performance of students in public secondary schools in Abia-state.  Based on the findings, recommendations were made; that State Ministry of Education should organize regular inspection to schools to monitor the styles of leadership used by principals that could enhance better academic performance among students. This is necessary in order to achieve the objective of secondary education as entrenched in the National Policy on Education. The study noted that the Principals leadership styles have significant influence on academic performance of students, and therefore recommends that the principals should apply the adequate leadership styles to ensure positive influence on academic performance of students in the schools and among others


Keywords


Principals Leadership Styles, Autocratic, Contingency Styles and Academic Performance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adesenu, R. A. (2000). Leadership Behaviour of Secondary School Principals in Ondo State Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria. Ilorin. Journal of Education 7 (3), 41-49.

Adeyemi, T. O. (2008). The Influence of Administrative Strategies on the Effective Management of Human Resources in Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. Unpublished thesis of Department of Education Ondo University

Adeyemi, T. O. and Bolarinwa, R. (2013). Principals of leadership styles and students academic performance in secondary schools in Ekiti state, Nigeria, International journal of academic research in progressive education and development 2 (1), 226-240.

Akpa, G. O. (2002). The 21st Century in Nigeria. Jos: Ichejum publications.

Alaezi, O. (2002). Education, Leadership and Purpose. Okigwe, Nigeria. Onzy Publications.

Al-Shoraye, S. R. (2010). The effect of admissions policy socio- economic factors, and demographic and personal considerations on students’ performance at Kuwait University. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Hull UK.

Alu B.E, Ede M. E., Eya L. O., Odo C. O. and Ugwu J. C. (2001). Fundamentals of Educational Administration. Enugu, Nigeria. Chuka Educational Publishers.

Aniamulu, V. O. (2015). Leadership & Counselling at Glance. Renug Concept, Aba, Abia, Nigeria.

Anumak, I. L. (2006). Further Administrative Functions: The Hidden Curriculum and school Administration. Owerri. Treasure books, Skill Mark Ltd.

Anyaoku, R. O. (2002). Effective funding: A Panacea for Implementation of the UBE scheme, problems and prospects. Journal of studies in Education 1 (1) 293-300.

Aremu A. O. (2000), Academic Performance 5 factor inventory, Ibadan: Stirling-Publishers.

Ayeni, N. and Babalola, J. B. (2009). Overview of educational management. In J.B Babalola, A.O. Ayeni, S.O. adedeji, A.A. Suleman, $ M.O.Arikewuyo (eds). Educational management: thoughts and practice. Ibadan: Codat publications.

Barzun, J. (2000). Leadership of Teachers in America Boston, Little Brown and Co.

Bennis, W. (2005). On Becoming a Leader. Siege Publications, London.

Benny, C. I., Chioma, U. and Ikediugwu, N. P. (2013). Principals Managerial Competence as a correlate of students’ Academic performance in Ecwa secondary schools in North Central Nigeria. Journal of education and practice, 4(4), 247-256.

Bua, F. T. and Ada, J. N. (2013). Influence of Classroom management on students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Zone. A Senatorial district of Benue State. Africa Journal of Arts, Science and educational issues. 1(1) 153-162.

Cotton, M. R., Hoachlander, and Seweckity N. F. (2001). Human Resources Management in South Africa.4th edition. Australia: South-Western.

Daniels, M. and Schouten, S. (2001). Education in Europe: the Screening of Students, Problems of assessment and prediction of academic performance. Council for Cultural Co-orperation of the Council of Europe, London. George Harrap Co. Ltd, 65, Edu. Res, 58 (2) 181-230.

Diwunma, O. N. (2006). Status of Strategic Management Practices of Secondary School Principals in Students’ Administration. Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria Vol. 111, Pp.28-34.

Douglas, L. M. (2008). The effective nurse, leader and manager (5thedition) California: Addison Wesley.

Duze, C. O. (2012). Managing students' crises in Nigerian Universities: Implementation strategies. Delsu Journal of Educational Research and Development. 4(1); 48-61.

Edem, D. A. (2006). Introduction to educational administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Book Ltd.

Eze, C. (2014). Restructuring Nigerian Educational System. Enugu, Nigeria. Svendors Publishers.

Ezeani, N.S. (2012). Application of entrepreneurship education: a panacea for effective secondary schools management in Nigeria. Singaporean Journal of Business Economics, and Management Studies, 1(5): 27-45

Fasasi, Y. A. (2014). Assessing Principals’ Quality Assurance Strategies in Osun State Secondary Schools, Nigeria. International Journal of Instruction, 7(1):165-174.

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2013) National Policy on Education, Revised Yaba, Lagos: NERDC Press.

Fiedler, F. E. (2000). A theory of leadership effectiveness. New York: McGraw Hill Books Co.

Glad O. U. and Perpetua, N.O .(2014). Educational Management- A Skill Building Approach. Nimo, Nigeria. Rex Charles an Patrick Ltd.

Greenfield, D. E. and Andrews, N. (2000). The nature and meaning of Theory in behavioural schools and Educational Administration, Sixth- third year book. Chicago: National society for the study of education.

Hemphil, C. (2003). Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience. (4th ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill Irwin.

Hornby, A. S. (2002). Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ibe B. O. (2007). Winning Strategies for Transformational Leadership. Lagos Nigeria. Christwork International

Ibiam, N. (2014). Educational Administration Principles and Practice. Published by Cel-Bez Publishing Co. Nig Ltd.

Ihedioha, E. (2003). The Influence of Western Education in Nigeria. Aba, Nigeria, Breakthrough Publishers.

Ikediugwu, N.P. (2006). Educational Finance and School Business Management Enugu: Cheston Publishers.

Lawal, L. O. (2011). Educational System in Nigeria.Problems and Prospects. Journal of Social Sciences, 14(1): 81-86.

Lawler, B. T. (2004). Gender and Leadership Style among School Principals: A Meta-Analysis. Educational Administration Quarterly Journal 28(1), 76-102.

MacDonald, N. (2007). Educational Management in USA, MacDonald Publishers U.S.A

Mgbenu, N. (2005). Perspective of Educational Management’ Planning and Policy Analysis. Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Minson Publishers.

Millennium Development Goals; Federal Republic of Nigeria Education Sector, (2015) Publication, Lagos Nigeria.

Moses, O. O., Lucy, A. E. and John, A. O. (2016). Principals leadership styles and students academic performance in public secondary schools in HomaBay County, Kenya. Research on humanities and social sciences. 6 (7), 24-40.

Nicholas, N. I., Ozofor, N. M. and Alimo, F. C. (2017). Principals leadership styles and students academic performance in Enugu Metropolis: A comparative survey of public and mission secondary schools. Archives of business research journal 5 (8), 25-49.

Nkwoh, K. (2011). Analysis of Administrative Roles of Principals in Private Secondary Schools in Aba Education Zone of Abia State. Continental J. Education Research 4(1): 18-27.

Northouse, P. (2007). Leadership: Theory and Practice, 4th Edition, Sage Publications.

Nwaokike, L. I. (2006). Personnel Management: A Contingency Approach. Enugu, Academic Publishing Company.

Obanya, A. and Onuoha, D. (2002). Getting the best out of the employeesin a developing economy. A Personnel Psychology Quest Lecture Series Department of Guidance and Counselling, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Offoegbu O. (2013). Leadership Career and Challenges. Domhenry Prints, Onitsha, Nigeria.

Ogbiji, J. (2006). Educational Administration in Classroom. Cross River State, Train the Trainer Workshop, Calaber.

Ogunlade, O. (2002). A Handbook on School Administration and Management. Lagos, Macmillan Nigeria Publishers Ltd.

Ogunyinka, M. and Adedoyini, H. (2003). Demographic Considerations of the Administrations Style of Solicited High School Principals in Ondo State of Nigeria: Journal of Education in Developing Areas,11, 0189 101-106.

Okumbe, J. A. (2001). Education Management: Theory and Practice. Nairobi University Press.

Onah, J. N. (2008). Leadership and School Management. Nigeria Journal of Educational Management. 7(1), 181-186.

Peretomode, F. (2012). Educational Administration: Applied Concepts and Theoretical Perspective for students and practitioners. Lagos Nigeria. Joja press LTD

Shankea, B. J. (2014). Developing a model for Strategic Leadership in Schools; Educational-Management Administration and Leadership Journal 34(1), 121-138.

Simkins, T. (2001). Economics and the management of resources in education Sheffield: Department of Educational Management, Sheffield City Polytechnic, UK, 5.

Stogdill, R. M. (2001). Personal Factors Associated with Leadership: A Survey the literature-Journal of psychology, 2 (25), 35 50.

Stroud, V. (2006). Sustaining Skill in Leadership. SAGE Publication. Journal of management and Administration 134 (1), 56-78.

Taiwo, C. O. (2010). The Nigerian Education System: Past, Present and Future; Lagos, Thamos Nelson.

Tomilson, F. (2004). Educational Leadership: Personal Growth for Professional Development. Educational Management Administration and Leadership Journal 34 (1), 65-90.

Ukeje, B. O. (2000). Universal Basic Education in Nigeria; Logistics and Implementation Strategies. The Nigerian Universal Basic Education. Journal 1(1) (10-21) Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka.

Unachukwu, G. O. and Okoji P. N. (2014). Educational Management: A Skill building approach. Nimo, Anambra State.

Uyanga U. (2008). Western Education and African Culture. Uyo, Nigeria. Climax Publications.

Wakarindi, K. P. (2013). Influence of Principals’ administrative strategies on students’ Kenya Certificate of Secondary education performance in Mathioya District, Kenya. A Research Project Submitted for Examination in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Education in Educational Administration, University of Nairobi, Kenya,

Yusuf A. F. (2012). Influence of Principals Leadership Styles on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools. A Journal of Innovative Research in Management and Humanities 3(1), 113-121.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.