Oyinlola Abodunrin, Gbolahan Oloye, Abdulhameed Alaba


The use of technology is the most appreciable and the real issue in the 2015 general election in Nigeria’s democratic system. The main reason for the use of the technological based device for the conduct of the election by the Independent National Electoral Commission was to check electoral fraud. The smart card reader had played a very significant role in the 2015 general elections in Nigeria. This paper therefore examines the impact of technology in improving the credibility of 2015 general election in Nigeria. Cybernetic model of communication theory was adopted for the study. The objectives of the study was to examine the impact of technology on the 2015 general election and to have a critical look into the use of smart card reader and to identify some of the challenges recorded during the exercise. Data were gathered from secondary sources and analyzed. The study finds that the use of technological based device has helped in reducing electoral fraud in the electoral process in Nigeria. However, there is need to ensure that the issues and challenges which confronted the use of the device during the elections do not reoccur in future elections.


Technology, Election, Democratic System, Electoral Fraud, Smart Card Reader, Cybernetics

Full Text:



Agbu, O., (2015) Unbridled Election Rigging and the Use of Technology: The Smart Card Reader as the ‘Joker’ in Nigeria’s 2015 Presidential Election. Retrieved from

Engineering Network Team (2015) Gains of the INEC Card Reader in the 2015 Elections. Available at Accessed 7, July.

Gauba, O. P. (2003) An introduction to political theory (4th ed.). New Delhi: Macmillan India Ltd.

Idowu, K. R. (2015) INEC statement on card reader demonstration. Retrieved from:

Independent National Electoral Commission (2015) Frequently Asked Questions. Available at Accessed 10, June.

Independent National Electoral Commission (n.d). Report on the 2011 General Elections.

Jega, A. (2013) Challenges of Fraud-Free Elections under a Democratic Dispensation. A Paper Presented at the Mustapha Akanbi Foundation Public Lecture. Ilorin, March 12.

Makama, A., and Muhammed, U. (2015) The Impact of Technology on Nigeria’s Democratic Development: An Analysis Of The Card Reading Machine: International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Modern Education (IJMRME). Retrieved from (

Nwangwu, C. (2015) Biometric Voting Technology and the 2015 General Elections In Nigeria: Being a Paper Presented at Two-Day National Conference on “The 2015 General Elections in Nigeria: The Real Issues” organized by The Electoral Institute between 27th and 28th July

Okoh A.O (2005) “The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and Election Management in Nigeria: The 2003 General Election in Perspective”, The Constitution, Vol.5, No.4, December.

Omotola, J.S. (2013) Trapped In Transition: Nigeria‟s First Democratic Decade and Beyond. Taiwan Journal of Democracy, Vol. 9 No. 2

Peters, S. C. (2015) Opinion: Illegality or otherwise of Card Readers in Nigerian Electoral Jurisprudence. Available at card-readers-in-nigerian-electoral-jurisprudence/. Accessed 18, July.

Piccolino, G. (2015) What other African Elections tell us about Nigeria‟s Bet on Biometrics. Available at african-elections-tell-us-about-nigerias-bet-on-biometrics/. Accessed 18, June

Varma, S. P. (1975) Modern political theory. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House PVT Ltd.

Winner, L. (1969) Cybernetics and political language. Berkeley Journal of Sociology, 14, 1-17

Agbaje, A. and Adejumobi, S. (2006). Do Votes Count? The Travails of Electoral Politics in Nigeria. Africa Development, 31(3), 25 – 44.

Obiyan, A. S. and Afolabi, O. S. (2013). Elections in Nigerian: Problems and Prospects. In A. S. Obiyan and K. Amuwo (Eds.), Nigeria’s Democratic Experience in the Fourth Republic Since 1999: Policies and Politics (pp. 179-186). Maryland, USA: University Press of America.


  • There are currently no refbacks.