Usman A. Usman, Sunday Ofordile Ogbu


The essence of cooperative society appears to have in recent times been recognized, especially as the key for developing and alleviating the plight of many. The paper examined the factors influencing cooperatives social responsibility to their host communities in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The theoretical anchor is the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) theory. The survey research design was used and the sampple size which was statistically drawn from the population of 1,412 using Taro Yamane formula is 312. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed in the distribution of sample. The major instrument of data collection was questionnaire. The generated data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequencies, percentages and mean ratings on a 5-point likert-scale, while the hypothesis was tested using Pearson correlation analysis. The findings revealed that the factors influencing the provision of social responsibility by cooperative societies of tertiary institutions in Kaduna State to their host communities were non-availability of funds, inefficiency of management committee, negative attitudes of cooperative members, and behaviour of the host communities. However, the coefficient result of the hypothesis indicates that unavailability of fund was significant at 5% of level and a major challenge to the cooperatives in applying social responsibility mandate to their host communities. The paper therefore recommended that cooperatives in tertiary institutions should make issue of monthly dues a must to enable it solve the problem of non-availability of funds. Host communities should through their traditional and religious heads made to be patient and create a peaceful atmosphere to enable cooperative societies do their work.


cooperatives, host community, influencing factors, social responsibility

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